Does car finance affect your mortgage application?

Trying to juggle car finance and a mortgage? Sort your car finance the right way for the best chance of being approved for a mortgage

John Evans
Jan 15, 2020

Chances are that your house and your car are the most expensive things you'll ever purchase. And if you're like a vast majority of the population, it's likely that you'll have to take out a mortgage for the house and car finance to pay for your wheels.

However, borrow money for one and it affects your ability to get a loan for the other. This means that a big mortgage will restrict your ability to borrow a large chunk of money on a car, while splashing out on a pricey car limits the amount of money you can borrow to buy a house.

Just as banks and building societies will want to be sure you have enough income to cover the cost of the mortgage every month, finance companies will assess whether you can afford monthly payments on a car - once all your other costs, such as a mortgage are taken into account - before approving you. Keep reading to understand how to give yourself the best chance of being approved for both.

How is a finance application assessed?

Car finance and mortgages may be very different loans but they share one thing – you or, in the case of a joint application, you and your partner. The money to finance them comes from the same pot – that is, the balance of your monthly income left after all expenses have been taken into account.

When considering your application, finance companies - whether they fund houses or cars - want to be sure there’s enough money left to cover the monthly payments and that you can be relied on to make them.

That means that if you have a huge salary and only plan to take out a small mortgage and purchase an affordable car, you may have no problem arranging both at the same time - as the finance companies can see that you can comfortably afford payments for both.

If however, you have an average income and want to get a large mortgage and finance a pricey car at the same time, should you get approved for the first one, you're likely to struggle to finance the second, as companies can see that you're stretching your finances. If that's the case, high monthly payments for the first compared with your salary could stop you from getting approved for the second, with the finance company deeming it unlikely that you can afford to make payments for both.

 

To assess your application, finance companies review you and your financial situation as a whole, using a credit reference agency. Based on your personal circumstances (your address on the electoral register, how long you have lived there and whether you have any country court judgements against you), your employment status, your financial history (for example, your repayment record for any past loans) and your current loans and financial commitments, the credit reference agencies award you a credit rating.

Using this rating, combined with their own internal measures - plus your statement of your current monthly income after tax and all essential expenses have been taken into account - the finance company decides whether or not to lend you the money you're after and at what interest rate.

Why does a car loan affect a mortgage application?

Of all the loans you may consider taking out, a mortgage is likely to be the biggest and certainly the one you’ll have for the longest. It’s a huge financial commitment not only on your part but also on the mortgage company’s part, since it has to wait a very long time to get all of its money back. For this reason, mortgage companies are sensitive about existing loans, and in particular a large one for a car that may jeopardise your ability to meet mortgage payments. 

Concerning car loans in particular, in recent years the Bank of England has become worried about the huge growth in car finance schemes such as Personal Contract Purchase. As a result, mortgage companies have become more cautious about lending to people with a car loan, to the extent that according to a leading broker, a typical car finance payment of £250 per month could reduce the amount a mortgage company is willing to lend by up to £35,000.

Balance car finance with a mortgage application

This means that it's wise to work out what you can feasibly afford across mortgage and car monthly payments. First, you should establish roughly what your mortgage will cost you and, therefore, how much money you will have left each month, after all other living expenses, to make car payments.

Since lenders are always cautious - to give themselves the best chance of getting their money back and to give some leeway - should your salary drop unexpectedly or your costs rise - it makes sense to be realistic about what surplus you think you will have to fund a car loan.

One way to give yourself the best chance of being approved for the car you want is to borrow a smaller amount of money, either by saving up for a larger deposit or choosing a cheaper car. While you may not be approved for a brand new car, you may easily get finance for a two- or three-year old equivalent. Or if you can't get finance for a two- or three-year old car, consider looking at four- or five-year old versions instead and your chances of being approved go up.

Note that a lender is unlikely to loan you more than 25% of your net salary (that's after tax has been deducted) for a ballpark figure of the maximum you're likely to be able to borrow on a car.

When you’re satisfied you’ve found the vehicle you want and, crucially, that you can afford it, apply for the car finance. Doing so before you apply for your mortgage will speed up your application because you should have more proof of address than when you move into a new home and have to wait for bills in your name at the new address and to update your ID. The car can then be delivered to your current address in one seamless process.

A recent change of address may impact your credit rating and delay your application. While your credit file is updated to reflect your new circumstances, it may also result in you not being able to borrow money for a period, which could be a serious problem if you need to replace an unreliable car.

How can I check my eligibility for a loan?

To establish your eligibility for a loan and to find out what, roughly, it might cost you, do a so-called ‘soft search’ or 'soft check' using an online finance calculator, making sure to accurately enter your income and expenditure.

Soft searches don't appear on your credit file, meaning they are a good way to get a feel for which finance option offers the best value, without limiting your ability to take out finance in the future, as you would if you made a succession of formal loan applications.

Can you make multiple finance applications?

Do not make multiple formal loan applications in your search for a loan. Each will result in a so-called ‘hard check’ that is recorded on your credit file and which will reduce your credit rating because it looks to a lender as though you are applying for multiple loans.

If lenders think you're applying for finance left, right and centre this gives the impression that you're desperate for money, making it look like you're going to be less able to pay the finance company back. For the same reason, don’t apply for a car loan and a mortgage at the same time.

Similarly, it's important to be aware when applying for finance - whether that's for a car or a mortgage - of the maximum amount you can borrow. If the bank tells you the maximum mortgage you can get is for £150,000, taking out a £150,000 mortgage is likely to mean you're unable to get credit for a car afterwards. It's the same story if you max out what you borrow on the car.

For the best chances of being approved for both, it's worth getting quotes for both a mortgage and a car to see the maximum amount you're likely to be able to afford. Provided you make sure that only soft checks are carried out, this should give you an indication of how much you can borrow for a mortgage and car finance at the same time.

Improve your chances of getting a mortgage

Check your credit history for errors or out-of-date information that may affect it. You can do this for free by contacting the three main credit reference agencies (Experian, Equifax and TransUnion). Approach all three because they may hold different information on you. If you find errors, tell them. If proven, they have a duty to correct them. Although the impact on your score may not be immediate, making sure these details are correct should improve the likelihood you'll be approved.

Next, review your situation by checking to see if there are loans you can settle now, and dormant bank and credit card accounts you can close. Do this and the banks will see that your monthly commitments are lower, leaving you more leeway to borrow. Also, cut any financial ties with people or partners who may have a poor credit record, as their negative score is likely to reduce yours. These ‘housekeeping’ actions will benefit your credit record.

Finally, gather together records of all your financial incomings and outgoings so that when asked about them, you will have all the information you require at your fingertips. Being able to answer these questions promptly and accurately will improve your chances of getting a loan.

Do a little homework, however, and you should get a good feel for what you can borrow, giving you the best chance of being approved first time around and getting the car and house you're after.

 

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