London ULEZ charge 2019: do you have to pay the low emissions charge?

Full details of the £12.50 London ULEZ ultra low emission zone 2019. Is your car or van affected? How to avoid it

Dominic Tobin
Apr 8, 2019

Most diesel car and van owners now face a £12.50 daily charge to drive in central London, as the capital's ultra low emission zone (ULEZ) came into force on April 8.

Cameras have begin enforcing the charges that apply 24 hours a day, seven days a week within the existing Congestion Zone, in an attempt to improve the city's atrocious air quality.

Some older petrol cars will be affected, but the biggest impact will be for owners of diesel cars and vans which don’t meet the latest emissions standards, known as Euro 6.

Euro 6 became mandatory for new cars in September 2015, so most of the 9.5 million diesel cars on the road before that date will be liable for the charge, along with most pre-September 2016 diesel vans.

Newer diesel models will be among the ULEZ-exempt cars. Petrol cars and vans, which have historically been cleaner, are unlikely to be affected unless they are more than 13 years old.

The ULEZ toll comes on top of the Congestion Charge, meaning that a trip to London could cost £24 in fees alone. The central zone is due to expand in two years when it will apply across virtually all of the London area within the North and South Circular roads.

Read on for full details of how the charge will work, where it will operate, how it will affect residents, and who is exempt. We’ll also explain how to avoid paying.

Key points:
  • £12.50 ULEZ charge came into force on April 8, 2019
  • Central London zone operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week
  • Charges apply to most diesel cars over 4 years old and most vans over 3 years old
  • Few petrol cars are be affected
  • Payment can be made online or via telephone. If you don't pay by midnight on the day of your journey, you'll receive a fine in the post

London's ULEZ replaced the current T-Charge, which only affects a small number of the most-polluting vehicles.


ULEZ map: where is the ULEZ area?

London's ULEZ operates in the centre of the capital, in the same zone that’s used for the congestion charge. This runs from Victoria and Hyde Park in the west to Tower Bridge in the east, and from Euston Road in the north to Elephant & Castle in the south.

It will expand to become ten times the size by 2021. Hundreds of thousands of vehicles driving within the North Circular and South Circular roads could be liable for charges.


Other cities, including Birmingham, are planning to follow London and establish low emission or clean air zones from next year. Many of these will include pollution charges for older vehicles or ban them entirely from driving in city centres.

Further into the future, London is planning a smaller zero emission zone from 2025, which will be restricted to electric vehicles, as well as hybrids that can drive on battery power alone for a significant distance. A zero emission zone across all of London is not proposed until 2050.


ULEZ car and van scrappage schemes

Sadiq Khan, London's mayor, has announced a £48m scrappage scheme for small businesses that own non-compliant diesel cars and vans, Firms must either be based in London or send their vans there at least twice a week. The van scrappage scheme offers between £3,500 and £6,000 for small businesses to upgrade to a ULEZ-exempt van. Details of the car scheme have not yet been announced.


How much is the ULEZ charge? How to avoid paying

Vehicle typeMin. emission standardULEZ Charge if below emission standard
MotorbikesEuro 3* (all bikes registered since Jul 2007)£12.50
Cars & small vansPetrol Euro 4 (since Jan 2006)
Diesel Euro 6 (since Sept 2015)
VansPetrol Euro 4 (since Jan 2007)
Diesel Euro 6 (since Sept 2016)
Lorries & coachesEuro VI (since Jan 2014)£100


Central London residents who are already registered for the Congestion Zone discount will not have to pay ULEZ charges until October 2021. If your car doesn't meet the less-stringent T-Charge regulations, and you benefit from a residents' 90 per cent discount, you'll have to continue paying the £1 per day charge.

Any car that meets or exceeds the emissions standard is exempt from the charge, so drivers won't need to pay to enter the zone. Some types of car, such as classic vehicles, are also exempt. You can see more information below.

TfL ULEZ vehicle check

The emissions rating of your car can normally be found on the V5 registration document. There's also an online vehicle checker, run by Transport for London (TfL), which is responsible for the zone.

You just need to enter your vehicle's number plate to see if your car is exempt. Click here to go to the site.


2021 ULEZ extension

The ULEZ area will expand more than tenfold from 21 October 2021, covering virtually all of the capital within the North and South Circular roads. It's home to 3.8 million people. It's thought that 150,000 residents will have non-compliant cars in 2021, forcing them to pay whenever they move their vehicles. Hundreds of thousands more cars and vans will be liable for the charge when they enter the zone.


When will the ULEZ operate?

The ULEZ operates 24 hours a day, seven days a week and is run by Transport for London (TfL), the capital's transport authority. When expanded in 2021, TfL predicts that 24,000 petrol cars, 77,000 diesel cars and 36,000 vans which don't meet the minimum requirements, will be driving in the zone each day. The data for motorbike riders has not yet been calculated.

Nitrogen oxide emissions are predicted to fall by around 40 per cent in 2021 when the larger zone is implemented. Most of the savings are predicted to come from greener buses.


When does the ULEZ start?

London’s ultra low emission zone came into force on April 8, 2019. By introducing the zone in 2019, rather than 2020 as originally planned, harmful nitrogen oxide emissions are predicted to be 25 per cent lower in 2018 as drivers upgrade their cars in preparation for the change. In 2019, those emissions are predicted to be a further 40% lower than if the scheme was introduced a year later.

However, the figures also predict that drivers will have to pay £1,300 more to buy an average diesel car that meets the requirements in 2019, than they would in 2020, when cars that meet the emissions standard would be a year older.


Are diesel cars allowed in London?

All of Britain's 12.9 million diesel cars are allowed to be driven in London. Around 9.5 million of them don't meet the latest Euro 6 emissions standards, so they will incur the £12.50 daily ULEZ charge if they are driven in the zone.

London is looking to introduce a zero-emission zone in 2025. It's likely that diesel cars will not be able to drive in this area if it goes ahead.


Is my car affected by the ULEZ charge? What should I do?

  • Petrol cars

    If your petrol car is more than 13 years old in 2019, then you’re probably be affected by the ULEZ, but it shouldn’t be expensive to find a younger car that does meet the required Euro 4 standard.

  • Diesel cars

    Diesel cars must meet much tougher standards than petrol models because they have historically produced higher levels of toxic exhaust gases, which have been linked to respiratory problems and early deaths.
    Only models that meet the latest Euro 6 emissions limits are exempt. New cars have had to comply since September 2015, so most vehicles over four years old will be liable for the charge. That said, several cars met the standards as early as 2012. You can check your car's Euro standard on its V5C registration document.
    Many drivers with affected cars are switching to petrol cars or upgrading to a newer diesel. Electric models are completely exempt from the ULEZ charge. Details of a scrappage scheme, that will provide a grant to upgrade an older vehicle, will be announced shortly. It's not clear how much assistance this will provide.

  • Hybrid cars

    Most hybrid cars don't receive special treatment. Diesel versions must meet Euro 6 emissions standards and petrol ones must be Euro 4-compliant.

  • Electric cars

    Electric cars are not subject to ULEZ charges

  • Vans

    Most vans are powered by diesel and most are affected by the ULEZ charge because diesel vans must be Euro 6-compliant to avoid paying. New vans only needed to meet Euro 6 emissions standards from September 2016, so most vans that are more than two-and-a-half years old are not compliant. A scrappage scheme has been announced by TfL, offering financial help for small businesses to upgrade, but even without it, many drivers will save more by getting a new van than by paying the charges.

  • Motorbikes

    Motorbikes must meet Euro 3 requirements which came into force in July 2007.

  • Buses, lorries and coaches

    Buses, coaches and lorries registered after January 2014 are exempt.


Which cars are exempt from the ULEZ charge?

In addition to vehicles that meet modern emission standards, any vehicles that are at least 40 years old and have a historic tax class is exempt.

If you have a car that is tax exempt because of a disabled driver or passenger, then that vehicle is not liable for any ULEZ charges for three years. Showman’s vehicles also don't have to pay the charge.


ULEZ charges: how do you pay?

The emissions surcharge uses the same payment system as London’s Congestion Charge, so you can pay online, up to 90 days in advance, or up to midnight on the day that you drive into the zone.

Unlike the Congestion Charge payments system, you can't pay the day after you drive into the zone: if you leave it this late, then you'll receive a penalty.

The Auto Pay system, which already exists for the Congestion Charge, can also be used to pay the ULEZ Charge. Once you set up an account, cameras in the zone will read your numberplate and automatically debit your account on the days that you drive into London.

You can also pay by phone by calling TfL on 0343 222 2222


What are the penalties for not paying the ULEZ Charge?

If you’re spotted driving in the zone by TfL’s vast camera network, above, and don’t pay within the deadline, then TfL will use your car's registration number to find your address and send a £160 penalty, which will be halved to £80 if you pay within 14 days.

It doesn't matter who was driving at the time, the registered owner of the car is liable for the fine. there has been an error, or your car was stolen, then you will be able to appeal. 

Cameras are used to enforce the zone, and drivers will be able to download a "TfL Pay to Drive in London" Android or Apple app to pay the charge, in addition to the options of paying via a website or over the phone.

The ultra low emission zone is different to the low emission zone, which has been in operation for several years. This affects larger vehicles, such as lorries, buses and some campervans.


What will residents living inside the ULEZ pay?

Anyone who is living inside the central zone and owns a car that doesn't comply with the required emissions standards is eligible for a £11.50 discount on the ULEZ charge. They will need to already be registered for the Congestion Charge residents' discount, and will then benefit from three years of paying a £1 daily charge, giving them extra time to change their car for a more modern one.

It’s not likely that there will be any discounts and exemptions for residents of the wider ULEZ zone from 2021.


What does ULEZ mean?

ULEZ stands for ultra low emission zone, and covers an area of London with high levels of toxic air pollution. Drivers of older and more polluting vehicles will be charged £12.50 per day in an attempt to stop them driving into the zone. Older buses, coaches and lorries will be charged £100 per day. 


London T-Charge

London's T-Charge was Britain's first large-scale emissions charge and came into force on October 23, 2017. It was replaced by the ULEZ in April.

Like the ULEZ, the T-Charge targeted car, van, lorry, coach and bus drivers but the standards were much lower, meaning that few drivers had to pay. Scroll down for more details about the vehicles affected and how the charge worked.


How much is the T-Charge?

If your vehicle doesn’t meet the minimum emissions standard, then the fee is £10 a day, whether you’re in a car, van, lorry or bus. This is in addition to the Congestion Charge, which currently costs £11.50, making your total daily bill £21.50 for driving in central London during the week.


Where and when does the T-Charge operate?

You only had to pay the T-Charge if you were driving in the very centre of London. It was the same zone affected by the Congestion Charge.

The zone operated between Monday and Friday from 7am to 6pm. Outside of these hours, you could drive in the zone without being charged, even if your car didn't meet the emissions standards.


Which cars are affected by the T-Charge?

Only vehicles that fail to meet quite old emissions standards were liable for the daily T-Charge. The Euro emissions standards stipulate limits for certain pollutants. The current level, which all brand new cars must comply with is Euro 6.

The emissions standard that your car met may be listed on its V5C registration document. If it’s not Euro 4 or higher, then you would have been liable for the T-Charge. Every car registered since 2006 has had to be Euro 4-compliant. Some earlier cars are too.

If the Euro standard is not on your V5C document and your car was registered before 2006, then you can use the T-Charge website to find out if you need to pay.


Vehicles subject to the T-Charge

Vehicle typeMin. emission standardT-Charge if below emission standardCongestion ChargeTotal daily fee
Cars & small vansEuro 4 (all cars registered since Jan 2006)£10£11.50£21.50
Vans & minibusesEuro 4 (Jan 2007)£10£11.50£21.50
Lorries Euro IV (Oct 2006)£10£11.50£21.50
Coaches and busesEuro IV (Oct 2006)£10£0£10
ResidentsDepends on vehicle (see above)£1£1.05£2.05

Nb TfL's Autopay service, which automatically deducts the Congestion Charge from your bank account, offers a £1 reduction on the fee).


Do classic cars or motorbikes have to pay the T-Charge?

No. If your vehicle is 40 years old or more, with an historic tax class, then you didn't have to pay the T-Charge to drive in central London. Motorbikes and mopeds were exempt from the T-Charge, no matter what their age.


What will residents living inside the T-Charge zone pay?

Anyone living inside the T-Charge zone with a vehicle that doesn’t meet the emissions standards only needed to pay a £1 surcharge - a 90% discount. If you were affected and already registered for the Congestion Charge Residents’ Discount, then you should have been registered automatically for the reduced fee. This discount continues with the ULEZ.

Jump to ULEZ discounts for residents


Which cars are exempt from the T-Charge?

As well as classic cars that are 40 years old, taxis and minicabs licensed with Transport for London were fully exempt from the charge.

If you are a blue badge holder, then you didn't have to pay the charge either. You should have automatically qualified for a full discount if you were already registered for a Congestion Charge discount.

Other vehicles exempt from the charge included those used by emergency services, recovery vehicles and Showman's vehicles.

Jump to cars that are exempt from the ULEZ charge


How to avoid the London T-Charge

If your car was registered less than ten years ago, then the T-Charge didn't apply. There was also no need for action if you don’t drive in central London.

If you did own a car that was registered before 2006, which doesn’t meet the Euro 4 emissions standards, and you regularly drove in London, then it was best to upgrade to a newer model.

It made sense to buy a car that will also be free from the future ULEZ charges. That includes all electric carspetrol cars registered since 2006 and diesel cars registered since September 2015.


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